Profesionalisme Militer pada Pemerintahan Soeharto dan Abdurrahman Wahid
Kajian Perbandingan Sosial-Historis
The reforms that rolled out in 1998 were one of the important momentum in the history of civil-military relations in Indonesia. The thick political and bureaucratic culture of military domination in the 32 years of Soeharto's reign with Dwi The function of his ABRI turned to Abdurrahman Wahid's government which put forward civilian supremacy especially in terms of politics and bureaucracy to be interesting to discuss. This study is a comparison of the role of the military during the Soeharto government and Abdurrahman Wahid's administration with a historical social qualitative approach. The findings indicate that the New Order government regime tended to be authoritarian in that the power rested on one President who was able to control military power to maintain power, whereas during Abdurrahman Wahid's administration system tended to shift towards a more democratic regime. Through this study, it can be concluded that in the transition to a democratic regime, restructuring the role of the military in political life is an important prerequisite that must be carried out.
Balu, Peter and Scoot, Richard, (1962), Formal Organization, SanFransisco, Chandler, 1962, hlm 54
Fattah, R.Eep Saefulloh, (2002), Masalah dan Prospek Demokrasi di Indonesia, Penerbit Ghalia Indonesia, Jakarta.
Faturahman, B. M. (2018). Kepemimpinan dalam Budaya Organisasi. MADANI, 10(1), 1–11.
Huntington, Samuel P., (1957), The Soldier and The State: The Theory and Politics Civil-Military Relations, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
Janowitz, Morris, (1988), The Military Intervenes: Case Studies in Political Development, Russel Sage, New York.
Perlmutter, Amos, (2000), Militer dan Politik, diterjemahkan dari buku aslinya The Military and Politics and Modern Times oleh Shat Simora, RajaGrafindo, Jakarta.
Soebijono et. al., (1997), Dwi Fungsi ABRI, Perkembangan dan Peranannya dalam Kehidupan Politik di Indonesia, Gajah Mada University Press, Yogjakarta.
Yulianto, Arif, (2002), Hubungan Sipil Militer Di Indonesia Pasca Orba, Di Tengah Pusaran Demokrasi, Raja Grarfindo, Jakarta.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.